the mckinney vento act
The McKinney-Vento Act defines children and youth who are homeless (twenty-one years of age and younger) as:
❖ Children and youth who lack a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence, and includes children and youth who are:
➢ Sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or a similar reason (sometimes referred to as double-up);
➢ Living in motels, hotels, trailer parks, or camping grounds due to lack of alternative adequate accommodations;
➢ Living emergency or transitional shelters;
➢ Abandoned in hospitals; or
➢ Awaiting foster care placement.
❖ Children and youth who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or private place not designated for, or ordinarily used as, a regular sleeping accommodation for human beings.
❖ Children and youth who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or similar settings.
❖ Migratory children who qualify as homeless because they are living in circumstances described above.